The Red Fort was the mansion house of the Mughal emperor of India for nearly 200 years, until 1857. It is turned up in the center of Delhi and houses a number of museums. In addition to accommodating the emperors and their households, it was the ceremonial and political center of Mughal government and the scene for events critically impacting the region.
Information About Red Fort :
Its English name, “Red Fort”, is a translation of the Hindustani Lāl Qila (Urdu: لال قلعہ, Hindi: लाल क़िला) deriving from its red-sandstone walls. As the residence of the imperial family, the fort was originally recognized as the “Blessed Fort” (Qila-I-Mubārak, Urdu: قلعہ مبارک, Hindi: क़िला मुबारक).Agra Fort is also called Lāl Qila’
Who constructed Red Fort ?
Red Fort was constructed by the fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1648 as the palace of hiI fortified capital Shahjahanabad, the Red Fort is named for its massive enclosing walls of red sandstone and is contiguous to the older Salimgarh Fort, built by Islam Shah Suri in 1546. The imperial apartments consist of a row of pavilions, connected by a water channel known as the Stream of Paradise (Nahr-i-Behisht).
The Red fort Delhi’s complex is conceived to represent the zenith of Mughal creativity under Shah Jahan and although the place was planned according to Islamic prototypes, each pavilion contains architectural elements typical of Mughal buildings that reflect a fusion of Timurid and Persian traditions.
The Red Fort’s innovative architectural style, including its garden design, influenced later buildings and gardens in Delhi, Rajasthan, Punjab, Kashmir, Braj, Rohilkhand and elsewhere. With the Salimgarh Fort, it was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007 as part of the Red Fort Complex. The most important surviving structures are the walls and ramparts, the main gates, the audience halls and the imperial apartments on the eastern river bank.
Red Fort Delhi History :
On 15 August 1947, the first Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru raised the Indian national flag above the Lahore Gate. On each subsequent Independence Day, the prime minister has raised the flag and turned over a speech that is broadcast nationally.
After Indian Independence the site experienced few changes, and the Red Fort continued to be employed as a military cantonment. A significant portion of the fort remained under Indian Army control until 22 December 2003, when it was given to the Archaeological Survey of India for restoration. In 2009 the Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan (CCMP), devised by the Archaeological Survey of India under Supreme Court directions to revitalize the fort, were announced.
Below is an image of Red Fort Taken on Independence Day of 2016
Every year to India’s Independence Day (15 August), the Prime Minister of India hoists the national flag at the Red Fort and delivers a nationally-broadcast address from its ramparts. The Red Fort, the largest monument in Delhi, is one of its most popular tourist destinations and attracts thousands of visitors every year.
A sound and light show describing Mughal history is a tourist attraction in the evenings. The major architectural features are in mixed condition; the extensive water features are dry. Some buildings are in fair-good condition, with their decorative elements undisturbed; in others, the marble inlaid flowers have been bumped off by looters.
The tea house, although not in its historical state, is a working restaurant. The mosque and hamam or Turkish Bath are closed to the public, although visitors can peer through their glass windows or marble latticework. Walkways are crumbling, and public lavatories are available at the entrance and inside the park.
The Lahore Gate entrance leads to a mall with jewellery and craft stores. In that respect is also a museum of “blood paintings”, depicting young 20th-century Indian martyrs and their stories, an archaeological museum and an Indian war-memorial museum.
On Independence Day (15 August), the Prime Minister of India hoists the ‘tricolor’ national flag at the main gate of the fort and delivers a nationally-broadcast address from its ramparts.
Getting on to the location and Major Tourist Information about the Red Fort and Nearby
Red fort is located in Netaji Subhash Marg and nearest metro station to Delhi Red Fort is Chandni Chawk. Red Fort’s bisiting days are Tuesday to Sunday and remains closed on Mondays. Red Fort Delhi’s timing is sunrise to sunset. Entrance fee for visiting is INR 10 (Indians), INR 250 (foreigners). Photography charges are nil but INR 25 for video filming is applicable. Sound and Light Shows starts 6 pm onwards in English and Hindi both. The best time to visit Red Fort is from October to March when the weather is pleasant in Delhi.
How to Arrive at Red Fort :
Delhi is the national capital of India and due to this it has an advantage of being accessible by all the means of transport from the urban centers of India. The means of transport to reach Red Fort range from cheapest trains and coaches to the expensive cabs and taxis.
By Airways :
Cheaper flights are available from Mumbai, bangalore, Kolkata, Chennai, Hydrabad etc., such as Indigo, Spice Jet, etc. From the airport, air conditioned taxis and other cabs facilities can be opt to reach Red Fort.
8Taxis are easily available from both the domestic and international airport.Indira Gandhi International Airport whose IATA code is DEL located in New Delhi has both International and Domestic Flights from all major cities. The distance between airport and temple is 19 km 600 mtrs. The time to travel from airport to Red Fort is approx. 25 minutes without stopping in between and neglecting the traffic conditions.
By Railways :
In total 33 trains such as Amritsar Express, Cdg Bsb Special, Puducherry New Delhi Express, Sarvodaya Exp, Jammu Rajdhani, Goa Smprk K Exp, Tamil Nadu Exp, Ndls Hwh Exp, etc., available from various states of India to reach NDLS. Local trains are one of the cheapest mode of transport and it is quite time saving.
Taxis and cabs are easily available from railway station to Red Fort. Sabji Mandi Railway Station located in Dinanath Road, Sabji Mandi Railway Colony, Kherian Mohalla, New Delhi is nearest to Jantar Mantra in comparison to others. The distance between station and temple is 3.7 miles (6 km). Time required to travel the distance is around 20 minutes. Metro trains, local buses and taxis are easily available from station.
By Delhi Metro :
Metro fare is quite reasonable and pleasurable. The nearest Metro station to the Red Fort is Chandni Chowk Metro Station and from there regular auto-rickshaw which is cheaper is available for Red Fort. Metro is also a cheap source to travel from DEL to Red Fort. It takes approx. 28 minutes to reach over there.
By Road :
Both interstate and intrastate bus services are available to reach Red Fort. Delhi Transport Corporation operates special services from railway station to Red Fort and is one of the cheapest mode of transport. By road mainly 5 NH are connected from major cities. NH1 from Chandigarh, NH10 from Rohtak, NH8 from Jaipur, NH2 from Agra and NH24 from Noida. Amongst all these nearest is Noida and farthest is Chandigarh.
Attractive places that can be visited near Red Fort :
- Lal Kuan
- Nai Sarak
- Chandni chawk market
- Muslim Sunehri Masjid
- Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib
- Jama Masjid
Coming to Our Last Topic of Staying In The City :
Hotel options are available on per day basis at nearby places from Red Fort. They are situated around 1.4 kms of distance in Paharganj, Dariyaganj, Karol Bagh Area, Old Delhi Railway Station area, Dwarka and Okhla. The traveler and visitors can easily book hotel, lodges and guesthouses. The rates are affordable and genuine depending upon the facilities and requirements.
So, being the capital state of India, Delhi is a place which should be visited once.