Jaipur the capital of Rajasthan is popularly known as the Pink City with broad avenues and spacious gardens. The capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur is steeped in history and culture. Here the past comes alive in magnificent forts and palaces, blushed pink, where once lived the Maharajas. The bustling bazaars of Jaipur, famous for Rajasthani jewellery, fabric and shoes, possess a timeless quality and are surely a treasure-trove for the shoppers. This fascinating city with its romantic charm takes you to an epoch of royalty and tradition.
Jaipur has been laid according to the conventional nine-grid pattern that astrologers believe to be lucky, and which has been recommended in the ancient Indian treatise on architecture. Each grid consists of a square, and these have been planned so that, at the heart of the city is the City Palace. Spread around it, in rows, are public buildings, the residences of noblemen, the living and trading quarters of merchants and artisans. Straight, wide roads run through the city, while a high, crenellated wall that forms its defense is pierced with seven gateways that serve as entry points. Today, these walls may be more difficult to spot since the city has grown far beyond its original plan, but they are still there, proof that though Jaipur saw no great siege, it was more than adequately prepared for it.
Jaipur’s architectural planning may have been ancient, but its execution was definitely modern. Best represented by the City Palace complex, it brought together all that was excellent in Rajput and Mughal architecture, creating a new tradition that found wide currency over much of North India. As in the Mughal tradition, the Durbar or Court areas became much more open, characterized by a series of arched pavilions held on delicately crafted pillars. Ornamentation had always been a part of the state’s architectural heritage, now it became much more opulent.
The private wings of the family also extended their entertainment areas. Since defense was no longer a primary concern, larger, more ornamental windows were built to over look the streets or courtyards outside these wings. Gardens were no longer planned within the internal courtyards only, but were added to the external vistas, and water, a basic feature of Mughal palaces and gardens, was utilized in a similar fashion, in canals and fountains.
Jaipur has much to offer visitors — everything from pageants and festivals to extraordinarily clad people, a wealth of handicrafts, a royal legacy of palaces, and sightseeing — that will occupy their time. However, should the visitors simply choose to walk around the streets of the old city instead, they will not regret it. All of Jaipur is an architectural gem, and no scheduled sight seeing can even hope to do justice to this rare city.
Below is one of the photo of Jantar Mantar from among several Jantar Mantar images available over web.
What is Jantar Mantar ?
The Jantar Mantar monument of Jaipur, Rajasthan is a collection of nineteen architectural astronomical instruments. Another Question arises that Who Built Jantar Mantar ? : Jantar Mantar Jaipur was built by the Rajput king Sawai Jai Singh, and completed in 1738 CE.It features the world’s largest stone sundial, and is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Where is Jantar Mantar located ?
It is located near City Palace and Hawa Mahal of Jaipur, the monument features masonry, stone and brass instruments that were built using astronomy and instrument design principles of ancient Hindu Sanskrit texts.The instruments allow the observation of astronomical positions with the naked eye. The monument expresses architectural innovations, as well as the coming together of ideas from different religious and social beliefs in 18th century India.the observatory is an example of the Ptolemaic positional astronomy which was shared by many civilizations.
The monument features instruments operating in each of the three main classical celestial coordinate systems: the horizon-zenith local system, the equatorial system and the ecliptic system.The Kapala Yantraprakara is one that works in two systems and allows transformation of the coordinates directly from one system to the other
Who Built Jantar Mantar And Why Was It Built ?
As Stated earlier that, history of Jantar Mantar states that it was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the founder of Jaipur and the Rajput ruler of Amber, between 1728 and 1734. For being a reputed astronomer, Jai Singh was commissioned by Emperor Muhammad Shah, to correct the astronomical tables and to confirm the data that was available on the planetary positions. He took nearly seven years to finish the Jantar Mantar.
Maharaja Jai Singh 2 of Jaipur constructed five Jantar Mantar, Jantar Mantar in Delhi, Jantar Mantar Jaipur, Jantar Mantar Mathura, Jantar Mantar Ujjain and Jantar Mantar Varanasi.
Information About Jantar Mantar Jaipur :
It was restored in 1901 and in 1948 the famous observatory was declared a national monument. The colossal Samrat Jantar is the sun dial that is 90 feet high and its shadow is carefully contrived to tell the time of a day. The small domed cupola (chhatri) at the top is used for predicting eclipses and the coming of monsoons.
Till dated , the instruments of Jantar Mantar are used for forecasting weather, the duration of seasons, the intensity of the monsoon, and the prospects of flood or famine. The Jantar Mantar stands as a testimony to the wisdom of the former epoch and awaits the visit of every tourist. The astronomical observatory consists of fourteen major geometric devices for measuring time, tracking constellations and, even for, observing the orbits around the sun. Popular structures within the Jantar Mantar are the ‘Samrat Yantra’ (the world’s largest sundial), the ‘Hindu Chhatri’, the ‘Jaiprakash Yantra’ and various geometric structures with astronomical devices to probe the ‘universe’.
Nearby Tourist Attractions of in Jaipur are Jaipur City Palace, Jaigarh Fort, Galta Monkey Temple.
It is well known about Jantar Mantar that it is a resplendent reminder of the royal heritage of Jaipur and stands as a royal testimony to a former epoch. The magnificent structure still manages to capture the attention of tourists and astronomy enthusiasts alike! The Jantar Mantar is an intriguing structure, and is a must-see in Jaipur!
Jantar Mantar timings are all days of the week from 9 am to 4:30 pm.
Jantar Mantar Entree Fee :
●Rs.40 per person for Indians
●Rs.15 per person for students
●Rs.200 per person for foreign tourists
●Rs.100 per person for foreign students
Being the major city of the country, Jaipur is well connected to almost every corner of India via different means of public transport including air, rail and road. Every day the public transport is used by over millions of travellers travelling to and around Jaipur with various purposes and destinations.
Jaipur International Airport is located about 7-10 km from the main city and can easily be reached with ease by taxi or bus. The Indian Railways on the other hand provides the best service to the passengers and as for the bus service, the roads and the highways are very well constructed and smooth with less chances of getting any dump in between the way. The Jaipur Airport is situated at Sanganer, 7 km (domestic terminal) and 10 km (international terminal) from the main city. It connects the city to all the major parts of India as well as some of the major overseas countries.
Jaipur, the Pink city is linked with the all the major cities of India through the network of National Highways 8, 11 and 12 to name a few. There’s also a very good bus service between Jaipur and Delhi provided by Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation (RSRTC) with the buses at about every half an hour to and from both sides.
Jantar Mantar address- Near City Palace, Tripolia Bazar, Jaipur, Rajasthan, 302002, India.