The state language of Uttar Pradesh is Hindi. The languages spoken in the state of Uttar Pradesh are from two zones such as the Central and Eastern zone in the Indo-Aryan family of languages. There are many languages spoken in this state, but recognized dialects are around 6 or 7. Other Uttar Pradesh languages spoken include Urdu, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Haryanvi, Gujari and Bundeli. They are spoken by their respective communities. In urban areas, English is spoken too.
Languages spoken in Uttar Pradesh are of vast variety. After Hindi, the second most spoken language is Urdu. It was also added as the official language after an amendment in 1986 because of a huge population of Urdu speaking Muslims in the state. Brij Bhasha spoken in areas of Mathura and Vrindavan, is considered a holy language of Lord Krishna.
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Hindi is the official language of Uttar Pradesh. It was made the official language of the state by the Uttar Pradesh Official Language Act in 1951; Urdu was later added by the amendment to the same act in 1986. The state of Uttar Pradesh is highly diverse on linguistic fronts. Hindustani is also spoken in this state. It is spoken in western Uttar Pradesh. It belongs to the Indo-Aryan language and it derives primarily from Khadiboli dialect. Hindustani words are mostly taken from Persian, Sanskrit, Arabic and Chagatai.
Hindi is the local language of Uttar Pradesh. Main language of Uttar Pradesh is Hindi as most of the people living in Uttar Pradesh speak Hindi. Along with Hindi, many other local languages are spoken too. Their own respective communities speak them in minority. Most of them belong to the Indo-Aryan family of language. Bundeli is spoken in southwestern parts of Uttar Pradesh. Bhojpuri is spoken in eastern Uttar Pradesh, and recent census suggests that Bhojpuri is the most spoken language after Hindi in the state. Awadhi is another popular language of the state. It is the most common language of the masses particularly the rural population in Oudh region. It is a mixture of Urdu and Khadiboli.
Hindi is the regional language of Uttar Pradesh. Besides Hindi, many dialects are spoken in the vast state of Uttar Pradesh. Khariboli is one of the most important dialects of Hindi, and is spoken by a large part of population in Uttar Pradesh. Awadhi is another dialect of Hindi and is spoken in the historical region of Awadh or Oudh. Braj Bhasha is a major dialect of Hindi and is spoken in northwestern part of the state. It is mostly spoken in regions around Vrindavan and Mathura. The language is very sweet and lyrical.
Bhojpuri is spoken by a major part of the population. It uses the Devanagri script and is spoken in the following districts in Uttar Pradesh-
Sant Ravidas Nagar district
|Second State Language||Urdu|
|Regional/Local Language||Hindi, Bhojpuri|
Uttar Pradesh language is Hindi, and is directly descended from an early form of Sanskrit. It is the fourth most spoken languages in the world and uses the Devanagri script. Hindi was made the official language of Uttar Pradesh in 1951. It is said that Hindi was formed in 7th century and was completely stabilized in the 10th century. It was in the late 19th century that Hindi was standardized as a separate language from Urdu, which was the language of Mughal elite. There are many dialect of Hindi, such as Brajbhasha, Awadhi and Khariboli.
Most of the languages spoken in the state of Uttar Pradesh belong to the Indo-Aryan family of language and are written in the Devanagari script. Hindi has taken its vocabulary mainly from Sanskrit, Persian and Arabic. Devanagari script is form of alphabets known as abugida and is written from left to right. It has forty-seven primary characters, out of which fourteen are vowels and thirty-three are consonants.
The state of Uttar Pradesh has a very long history of literature. The origin of literature in the language of Uttar Pradesh can be dated back to the 10th century. Uttar Pradesh is a state which was rewarded with the Sanskrit twin epics: Ramayana and Mahabharata. This state is the land of Tulsidas, Kabir, Surdan and Keshavdas. Major centers of literature are Braj region, Varanasi, Awadh and Bundelkhand. Hindi literature is divided into four categories on the basis of writing style.
Shringar also known as Riti are romantic poems. Virgathas are poems mainly dedicated to the bravery of warriors and Bhakti is a devotional poem. Adhunik is modern day literature.
Uttar Pradesh has a very rich culture and heritage. Uttar Pradesh language name is Hindi. Along with Hindi, Urdu is also the official language of the state. Many other dialects of Hindi are spoken in the state. These include Hindustani, Urdu, and Awadhi. Many regional languages are spoken too in the state.