The state language of Telangana is Telugu. Telugu is one of the few languages on the Indian list of official languages which is spoken by people in more than one state.
There are about 74 million people who speak in Telugu throughout India making it the third language to be spoken the most here. Although there are many other Telangana languages such as Bengali and Hindi that have been taken from Sanskrit, Telugu is the only one that retains more of Sanskrit features when it comes to the pronunciation of consonants and vowels. Telugu was known as ‘Tenugu’ earlier.
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Telugu is the language spoken in Telangana and there are many other states including Telangana that have their official language as Telugu. Telugu is now the medium of instruction for all the colleges and schools in Telangana. The administrative offices use Telugu for communication. Main language of Telangana is Telugu as 77% people living in Telangana speak Telugu.
Although Telugu is the official language of Telangana, there are other local languages of Telangana spoken by the people of this state. After Telugu the other language that is most spoken by the people here is Hyderabadi Urdu and 12% of the population speak this language here. The other languages such as Lamabadi, Kannada, Gondi and Marathi are also modes of communication among the localites here. The people of Telangana also respect their languages and have dedicated a day officially for it known as ‘Telangana Language Day’ which is celebrated on September 9 every year to commemorate a famous poet and writer of many languages Kaloji Narayana Rao.
The main language of Telangana, Telugu has a number of dialects. Dialects of Telugu are Kamathi, Berad, Palamuru, Golari, Komtao, Guntooru, Konda-Reddi, Salewari, Srikakula, Vadaga,Vishakhapatnam, East Godaveri, Rayalseema, Dasari, Nellore, Dommara, Gadwal, Tirupati, Vadari, Yanadi and Narayana Peta which has a Marathi and Kannada influence.
|Second State Language||Urdu|
|Regional/Local Language||Telugu, Lamabadi, Kannada, Gondi and Marathi|
The origin of the Telangana language – Telugu datesback to 3rd century B.C. The earliest inscriptions which are complete were found in the Erragudipadu, Kamalapuramtaluk of Cuddapah district that belong to Renati Cholas and can be date to A.D. 575. During the period of A.D. 500- 1100 the literary works were mostly poetries that were a part of the courts of kings and the scholars. There is clear evidence that there were phonetic changes that happened in the language but vocabulary and grammar were the two main parts.
Many important changes happened in the Telugu language between A.D. 1400 – 1900 which still exists in today’s form of Telugu language that is spoken in Telangana. Before the invention of press Telugu was used mainly in speech, poetry, folk literature and inscriptions. With the influence of Muslim rulers there were many Urdu words that found their way in the Telugu language spoken today.
Telugu script is an abguida which came from the Brahmic scripts and is used to write Telugu language. The Telugu script is also used to write several Sanskrit texts and the Vengi Chakulyas era was when it grew in importance.
The literature of the official language of Telangana– Telugu has a very important past which dates back to A.D 500 when there were just inscriptions. Although there were many poems and dramas that were narrated, Nannaya’s Mahabharata written in 1030 A.D marks the beginning of Telugu literature. Another excellent work of Nannaya is the ‘Andhra Sabda Chintamani’.
Another literary genius Pavuluri Mallana translated ‘Ganitaasara’ which was a mathematical work in Telugu. 12th and 13th centuries saw Lingayata school of thought that were devotees of Shiva and this had much influence on Telugu literature. A famous and the first Telugu poet of Saiva wrote the famous ‘Kumara-Sambhavamu’. Palakuriki Somanatha was also a genius who devised several new literary genres in Telugu such as sataka, gadya, ragada and udaharana.
The regional language of Telangana was modified by two famous poets Errapraggada and Srinatha. Prabandha is a story that has a tight metrical scheme which was a Telugu classical composition used by these two poets. This form was used till the 18th century. Between 1509 to 1529 Sri Krishnadevaraya formed the ‘ashtadiggajalu’ that were eight Telugu poets in his court and this era was known as the Prabandha Yugam. One of the king’s most famous works is the Amuktamalayada which is thought to be a mahakavya.
There are many religious poets such as Jakkana, Potana and Gaurana that have contributed to the literature of Telugu in the 14th and 15th centuries. Telangana language name is Telugu and the style prospered in the modern times once it was out of the traditional pundits in the 1940’s. With television, media, press, newspapers, radio and movies the language bloomed to the modern Telugu that is spoken now. It’s wide acceptance through shows that the people have respect for their national language.