The state language of Tamil Nadu is Tamil. It is the official language of the state. Along with Tamil Nadu, Tamil is also the official language of Union Territory. Besides Tamil, other languages like Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and English are also spoken. Tamil Nadu language Tamil was the first language to be recognized as a classical language of India when the country adopted national standards. Tamil is one of the 22 schedules languages of India. It is also spoken by a number of people in Singapore, Malaysia, Mauritius and Sri Lanka. It is also taught in schools in Malaysia, along with Malay and Mandarin.
Language spoken in Tamil Nadu is of vast variety. Majority speaks Tamil, while around 10% people speak in Telugu. Kannada, Urdu and Malayalam are spoken by much smaller percentage. Influence of Malayalam is more prominent in the western part of Tamil Nadu, while people residing in the North-Eastern part of Tamil Nadu bordering Karnataka speak Kannada.
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Tamil being the most popular language of the state,is the official language of Tamil Nadu. English is used for government and official purpose. Tamil is one of the oldest surviving classical languages in the whole world. It belongs to the Dravidian family of language.
Tamil is the local language of Tamil Nadu. Along with Tamil, there are many other regional language of Tamil Nadu spoken too. Most of them belong to the Dravidian Family of language. These include Kannada, Telagu and Malayalam. Telugu is spoken by almost 8.65 percent of the total population of Tamil Nadu, which makes it the second most spoken language in the state. Kannada is the third most spoken language in the state; around 5.68 percent of the population speaks in Kannada. Urdu is spoken by 1.51 percent and Malayalam by 0.89 percent of the population. Tamil language family includes 35 ethno-linguistic groups, which include Irula, Reukala, Sholaga, Eravallan etc. These languages are all closely related to Tamil.
Main language of Tamil Nadu is Tamil as 88% people living in Tamil Nadu speak Tamil. There are various dialects of Tamil language, which include Central Tamil dialect, Madras Bashai, Kongu Tamil, Madurai Tamil, Sankethi dialect and Kumari Tamil. Sankethi dialect is spoken in Karnataka and is heavily influenced by Kannada. Central Tamil and Madurai Tamil are considered to be the purest form of spoken Tamil in the state and form the basis of spoken Tamil in Tamil Nadu. Madurai Tamil is spoken in the following districts-
|Second State Language||English|
|Regional/Local Language||Kannada, Telagu and Malayalam, Tamil|
Tamil language is considered to be a part of the Dravidian family of language, and is said to have descended from Proto-Dravidian. Evidences suggest that Tamil emerged around the third century BC. Engraved inscriptions were written in Tamil shortly thereafter. Tamil compared to any other Indian language has the most primitive non-Sanskritised Indian literature. The history of Tamil language can be categorized into three periods-
1. Old Tamil: 300 BC- Ad 700
2. Middle Tamil: 700-1600
3. Modern Tamil: 1600-present
Tamil language is written using derivative of the southern “Brahmi” script called Vatteluttu. It has 12 vowels and 18 consonants. And one special character called the aytam. There are a total of 247 characters. Vowels may be long or short. The long vowels are twice as long as short vowels. The alphabets of Tamil language are unique and phonetic, which means that in Tamil language letters represent sound and not ideas.
Tamil literature is documented for about 2000 years. Sangam literature, which is dated from cs. 300 BC-Ad 300 is the earliest period of Tamil literature. Tamil has the oldest literature among any other Dravidian languages. The earliest inscriptions in Tamil language are found on rock and stones, and can be dated back to the 3rd century BC. About 55,000, that is more than 55% of the inscriptions found by Archeological Survey of India are in Tamil language. The two earliest manuscripts found in India, acknowledged and registered by the UNESCO Memory of the World were both written in Tamil. Tamil is also the first Indian language that got printed and published. Portuguese missionaries published a prayer book in Tamil in 1587.
Tamil Nadu language name is Tamil; it is the first recognized classical language of India and has a rich heritage of literature. It goes out to show that Tamil Nadu is a state with is rich in culture and heritage. Tamil Nadu is a multi lingual state. . Many other local languages are spoken too. These include Malayalam, Telugu, Urdu, English and Kannada. Besides Tamil Nadu, in Indian states Tamil is spoken in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Pondicherry, and Kerala etc. And internationally, it is spoken in Singapore, Mauritius, Sri Lanka and Malaysia.