The state language of Pondicherry is Tamil. Puducherry is a Union territory made out of four portions of former French India. These four portions are Pondicherry, Karaikal, Yanam and Mahe. Because Puducherry is the largest district out of the four, the union territory has been named after it. Other than Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu, English and French languages are spoken in the union territory. Most of the people of Pondicherry are Bilingual and are comfortable in speaking both Tamil and French.
Languages spoken in Pondicherry is of vast variety. Mostly the inhabitants of Puducherry speak in Dravidian languages of Tamil, Malayalam and Telugu. Mostly the educated population of the Union Territory speaks English and French. Tamil is the most important language of the union territory. Almost all schools encourage their students to take up Tamil as their second language. English is spoken and understood by a vast majority of people because of the influence of many foreigners who have migrated and settled down in Pondicherry.
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Main language of Pondicherry is Tamil as 89% people living in Pondicherry speak Tamil. But the official languages of Pondicherry are three languages. Earlier, French was the official Pondicherry language according to the Treaty of Cession of 1956. Later The Pondicherry Official Language Act was adopted in 1965. This act gave Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam the status of official language of the Union territory. French lost its status of official language wit the adoption of this act.
Tamil is spoken by 89% of the total population of Puducherry.
Malayalam is spoken by 3.8% percent of the total population.
Telugu language is spoken by 2.9% of the population.
French is spoken by just 1% of the total population of Puducherry.
Local language of Pondicherry is Tamil. Along with Tamil other languages like Telugu and Malayalam are also spoken. English and Tamil are the mediums of instruction in schools and educational institutes of the Union territory. In recent years, Hindi has also emerged as a prominent language in the Union territory. French is also spoken in pondicherry . Because of traditional legacy and relation with French empire in ancient times, French is a very important language of communication of Pondicherry.
The three main languages of Pondicherry are Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam. Tamil is one of the most important Dravidian languages and is spoken by a vast majority in Pondicherry.
It is specially used by the government of the Union territory when communicating within and between the Tamil majority districts. Tamil is used to issue official decrees and orders. The Tamil majority districts are Pondicherry and Karaikal.
Telugu is spoken in the district of Yanam, because it has the majority of Telugu speakers.
Malayalam is spoken in the district of Mahe because it has the majority of Malayalam speakers.
|Second State Language||Telugu and Malayalam|
Pondicherry language is Tamil. A Dravidian language, it is said that Tamil languages descended from proto- Dravidian language. Studies suggest that Proto-Dravidian Tamil was spoken until the 3rdmillennium BC around the lower Godavari river basin. It was in the 3rd century BC that Tamil was reconstructed and emerged as Proto-Tamil. It is said that it was after this that inscription in Tamil language were written shorty after. Among all the Indian languages, regional language of Pondicherry Tamil is the only language which has the most ancient non-Sanskritised Indian literature. Scholars have categorized Tamil history into three periods:
• Old Tamil – 300 BC to AD 700
• Middle Tamil – 700 to 1600
• Modern Tamil- 1600 to present
Tamil is written using a script called Vatteluttu. It is an abugida writing system, which was developed by the Tamil people of South India. This script was developed from Tamil-Brahmi script, which fell out of use. The new and current Tamil script consists of 18 consonants, 12 vowels and one special character called Aytam. The consonants and vowels combine to form 216 characters. In Tamil language the letters are phonetic and represent a sound rather ideas which makes the language really unique.
Literature in Tamil has been documented for about 2000 years. The earliest period of Tamil literature is called the Sangam era. It can be dated back to cs. 300 BC- AD 300. Sangam literature comprises of oldest Tamil literature and deals with war, love, governance and trade. Amongst all the Dravidian languages, Tamil has the oldest literature. The earliest inscriptions found in Tamil language can be date back to the 3rd century. These inscriptions were done on stones and rocks. About 55,000 inscriptions in Tamil have been found, which makes about 55% of the total inscriptions found by the Archeological Survey of India. The two earliest inscriptions found in India, that have been registered and acknowledged by UNESCO Memory of the World organization are written both in Tamil language.
Pondicherry language name is Tamil. Pondicherry is a multi lingual and the smallest Union territory of India. Tamil along with Malayalam and Telugu are the main languages on the Union territory. Besides these, French and English are also spoken by the educated elites in Pondicherry.