The state language of Nagaland is English. Nagamese is spoken by most of the people of Nagaland. Most of the languages in Nagaland come from Tibetan Burmese group of languages. Local language of Nagaland is divided into three different groups namely eastern sub group, central sub group and western sub group. There is a noticeable amount of Sanskrit words used in most of the local languages in the state. Nagaland language Nagamese is spoken by majority of tribal peoples, which is a mixture of several languages from Nagaland and Assam.
Language spoken in Nagaland includes Konyak, chang, lotha, Ao, phom, sema, angami, rengma, chakhesang etc. Despite of being most popular language in the state, Nagamese possesses no written script. Thus, English is accepted as the official language since it is quite popular among literate population of the state.
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Being the second most popular language in the state, EnglishPrimary Language is the official language of Nagaland. It is announced as official language since it has written script giving it upper hand among most of the local languages that do not have a written script. English was declared as the official language of the state in the year of 1967 by assembly of Nagaland. Despite of being the official language, use of English is limited to commercial world (which is quite limited and undeveloped), governmental offices, schools- colleges and other related institutes. You will merely find local people communicating in English (even if they are educated enough) since most of them prefer Nagamese over English despite of it lacking a written script.
English is the official language of Nagaland. But main language of Nagaland is Ao as (12.91%)% people living in Nagaland speak Ao. However, there are a number of other tribal languages from Tibetan, Burmese, Assamese and indo-aryan group that are widely spoken by a noticeable amount of population. Nagamese, being the most important language in the state is spoken by huge amount of people from tribal areas of the state. Konyak and Chang are important languages of eastern part of the state. Tribal languages such as Lotha, Ao, Phom are spoken in central regions of the state. Sema, Angami, Rengma and Chakhesang are major languages spoken in western Nagaland. It is noticeable that nagamese is spoken in almost every part of the state at minor or major level.
While English and Nagamese are main languages of Nagaland, there are a number of dialects spoken in the state too. Here is quick introduction to them. Nagaland is a diverse state holding more than 16 main tribes and further sub tribes. Amazing fact is that there are different dialects spoken in villages from same tribe. Ungma Ao Naga dialect is spoken In Ungma and nearby villages of Mokukchug district of the state. Nagamese is the common dialect followed by almost every tribe of Nagaland.
Angami is one of the most important Nagaland languages. It is spoken by more than 200K peoples by now. Historical works of Nagaland languages can be found back into the time of British rule in India. The first written work in Nagaland was published by J. Butter in 1875 under the title of rough notes on Angami nagas and their languages. R.B. McCabe launched outline grammar of angami naga in 1887. This writing was mainly based on Khonoma, Mozema and Jotsoma varieties. There were many other significant works by foreign missionary society in early 20th century.
|Second State Language||—|
|Regional/Local Language||Lotha, Ao, Phom, Sema, Angami, Rengma and Chakhesang|
Development of Nagamese was based on Assamese, Hindi, English and Naga languages. It is mostly spoken and written by people from northeast India, especially from Nagaland. However, it does not have a writing system or script so English is accepted as official language of the state. English in Nagaland follows the same writing system as it does in any other state or coutry.
Origin of Official language of Nagaland can be found back into the British period. Nagaland had a rich culture and literature that was passed by generation to generation. Regional language of Nagaland played an important role in the development of their literature. However, most of their literature was written by outsiders, rather than the local peoples. E.W. Clarke was the first one to make his presence noticeable in the field. His first work was the translation of hymn book and prayers of the lord. A dictionary for Ao language was developed in 1911 by E. W. Clarke.
Primary Nagaland language name is nagamese. It has a rich history, however cannot be recorded due to the lack of proper script and writing system. Any documents present from history of Nagaland are either translations or written by British people in colonial age. However, those writers translated something, it means there was something previously written or present and definitely it was the original naga literature.