The state language of Lakshadweep is Malayalam. The name Lakshadweep in Sanskrit and Malayalam means a hundred thousand islands. Along with Malayalam, Mahl and Jeseri languages are also spoken. Malayalam is spoken on most of the islands of Lakshadweep except for Minicoy where Mahl is spoken. Lakshadweep Island consists of 36 islands out of which humans inhabit only 10 islands. A lot of people from different parts of India migrated to Lakshadweep, and so their local languages got mingled with the Lakshadweep languages. Besides Malayalam, Bengali, Hindi, Tamil, Urdu and Oriya are also spoken by minorities. There are fifteen major languages in India, out of which Malayalam is on the 8th position on the basis of the number of Malayalam speakers in India.
Languages spoken in Lakshadweep is of huge variety. In the island of Minicoy, Mahl language is spoken. Mahl language is the language of Maldives. Like Arabic, it is written from right to left and has a script of its own. Mahl language belongs to the Indo-Aryan family of language. It is closely related to Hindi, Bengali and Marathi, and has borrowed many words from Persian and Arabic.
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Malayalam is the official language of Lakshadweep. It was introduced as the official language during British Raj, and the Indian government further continued this policy. The majority of population of Lakshadweep except for the island of Minicoy speaks Malayalam.
|Second State Language||Hindi|
|Regional/Local Language||Malayalam, Bengali, Kannada, Oriya, Tamil, and Hindi|
Malayalam is the local language of Lakshadweep. Main language of Lakshadweep is Malayalam as 85% people living in Lakshadweep speak Malayalam. There are many other languages spoken as well. This is majorly because many people from different part of India migrated to the Lakshadweep. Most of the languages spoken belong to the Indo-Aryan family of language. These regional languages of lakshdeep include Bengali, Kannada, Oriya, Tamil, and Hindi. English is spoken by a major part of the population in Lakshadweep. Besides Sanskrit, the influence of English on Malayalam can be seen clearly.
Malayalam is the main language of Lakshadweep. Many dialects of Malayalam can be heard in Union Territory. The most commonly spoken dialect is Jeseri dialect. It is quite similar to Malayalam with few noticeable differences. It is spoken in the following islands of Lakshadweep:
Mahl language spoken on the Island of Minicoy in Lakshadweep is a dialect of Maldivian language.
Lakshadweep language Malayalam was originally a local dialect of Tamil. Impact of Islam and Christianity, local conflicts and the arrival of Nambudiri Brahmans about thousand years ago created a condition, which favored the independence of the Malayalam dialect. The existence of Malayalam as a separate language got accepted by the 15th century. The earliest form of literature found in Malayalam was a poem called Ramacharitram. It can dated back to the 12th century AD, and was completed even before the introduction of Sanskrit alphabets.
Majority except for the population of Minicoy in Lakshadweep language speaks in Malayalam. The modern script of Malayalam used in the Lakshadweep islands has evolved from Grantha alphabets, which was originally used to write Sanskrit. Modern Malayalam script consists of 52 alphabets out of which 16 are vowels, 36 are consonant letters and consists few symbols. The Malayalam script is written from left to right. Mahl language is written using a unique script called Taana, which like Arabic is written from right to left. It has a total of 24 alphabets, which sound exactly like Arabic alphabets.
The earliest form of Malayalam literature consisted of songs called Pattu, which were written for various occasions and on different topics like harvesting, heroes, gods, love songs etc. 14th century onwards, a new form of Malayalam writing emerged called Campu. This was a mix of prose and poetry, and the influence of Sanskrit vocabulary could be seen clearly. It was in the 16th and 17th century that the Grantha Malayalam script was substituted by Tamil Vatteluttu alphabets. It was during this period that Ezhuthachan, who is regarded as the father of modern Malayalam language, translated the Indian epics Mahabharata and Ramayana into Malayalam. These translations are still read by Malayalam speaking Hindu community with religious reverence.
Lakshadweep language name is Malayalam. It is spoken through out Lakshadweep except for one island of Minicoy, where the people speak in Mahl. Lakshadweep is the smallest Union Territory of India and consists on 36 islands, out of which humans inhabit only 10 islands. Lakshadweep is a multi lingual territory because a lot of people from different parts on India have migrated there. Besides Malayalam and Mahl, Bengali, Oriya, Hindi, Tamil and Urdu are also spoken.