Malayalam is the State language of Kerala. Malayalam falls in the category of southern Dravidian languages. Most of the native Kerala populations believe Malayalam being their mother tongue. Malayalam has its own independent written script. Modern literature in Kerala language Malayalam possesses rich content and is well developed. Almost 90 percent Kerala people speak Malayalam. Other local language of Kerala includes English and Tamil. Due to foreign influence and super high literate ratio, English is secondary language of Kerala after Malayalam.
Language spoken in Kerala does not have any major variety. As described above, Malayalam, Tamil and English are the only languages being spoken by noticeable population! Other languages are also there such as Tulu, Konkani and Kannada. However, those are not used by much people since almost 90% of population considers Malayalam as their primary language and even mother tongue.
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Malayalam is recognized as official language of Kerala. Main language of Kerala is Malayalam as 96% people living in Kerala speak Malayalam. English is the secondary state official language which is same for both Kerala and Country itself. Kerala is the most literate state. Tourists find it difficult to communicate through local languages. However, English is not only understood but also spoken by most of the people from Kerala. Moreover, the main problem is that most of the people will refuse to speak any other language rather than their mother tongue, which is Malayalam for most of them. Malayalam language is dominant in most of the educational institutions from high schools to colleges and universities.
Malayalam is the official language of Kerala among limited variety of languages spoken. Despite of scheduled languages being limited, there are plenty of tribal and local languages spoken. Scheduled or non-tribal languages of Kerala include Malayalam, Tulu, Tamil, Konkani and Kannada. There is a vast variety of tribal languages including more than twenty languages. Allar, Mannan, Aranadan, Kadar and Malaryan are some of them.
Main language of Kerala is Malayalam. However, there are many tribal languages spoken in different dialects. Dialects present in Malayalam are distributed as following:
Travancore: It is southern Kerala. Dialect spoken in this area is close to Tamil. Southern Travancore is more related to Tamil compared to northern and central Travancore. Northern and central Travancore are more close to Malayalam. There are many words in Travancore that are neither close to Tamil nor Malayalam.
Central Dialects: Different dialects are spoken in Kerala. Slurred Malayalam is spoken in Thrissur. Palakkad dialects are also spoken in some parts. These dialects are a lot like Tamil. On the other hand, there are several differences too. However, these differences were never defined accurately.
Northern Dialect: A different dialect is spoken in northern Kerala including Malabar region. It is somewhat related to central Malayalam. Many Kannada words are incorporated in this dialect too. Thus, people from this region tend to understand Malayalam and Kannada easily.
|Second State Language||English|
|Regional/Local Language||Malayalam, Tulu, Tamil, Konkani and Kannada|
Kerala language is classified as indo-Dravidian language. People from Kerala and surrounding area speak Malayalam as primary language. Mala or Chera means mountain. It is obvious thing that word-to-word meaning of Malayalam is the language of people living in mountain or mountain range area. Malayalam finds its seeds back into 14th century in literature named rama charitam and mahabharatam. It is also found in traditional songs and ballads. These songs are mostly written in local dialect and local peculiarities.
Historically, several scripts such as vatteluttu, kolezhuthu and malayanma were used to write Malayalam. Modern Malayalam script is based on Grantha script. Graphic symbols are read as units in this script. Many special letters were dispensed from Malayalam in 1960s. Total 578 characters are present in modern Malayalam script. There are 52 letters, 16 vowels and 36 consonants, rest are syllabic characters.
Official language of Kerala is Malayalam. Most of the literatures related to Malayalam languages or related dialects are written in several regional language of Kerala. Literature of Malayalam underwent a rapid development especially in 20th century. There were many authors of Malayalam with a good command over English and related literature. Some of those took on the task of improving their mother tongue Malayalam. These people heavily supported the development in the field of Malayalam prose and Malayalam poetry. Poetry and prose dramas are really important parts of Malayalam literature. Kumaran Asan, Vallathol Narayana Menon and Ulloor S. Parameswara Iyer are some of the well known Malayalam poets. These are not only famous in the field of Malayalam poetry but also the prose drama written and famous in Malayalam literature.
Kerala language name is Malayalam, which is a rich language both historically and traditionally. Malayalam literature is well developed as well. It is noticeable that Malayalam people tend to be a little bit of orthodox to speak any other language. However, our comers never face a problem since English is widely spoken in this southern state on India.