The state language of Himachal Pradesh is Hindi but most of the people in the state use Pahari language and dialects to communicate. The dialects of Pahari used in Himachal Pradesh is referred as Western Pahari. There are a number of dialects in the state used by people of different tribes and regions. The Himalayas run along the countries of Nepal, India and Pakistan. With Pahari referring to mountainous or “of the mountains”, the language is spoken in the states of India which are a part of the Himalayan mountain range.
Himachal Pradesh uses a Pahari dialect that is known to be closer to Punjabi. Himachal boasts of almost 32 languages and English is also considered to have official status in the Himachal pradesh language. Parts of the state was ruled by Punjabi rulers before the independence, this is one of the reasons why Punjabi is also used commonly in Himachal.
Table of Contents
The official language spoken in Himachal Pradesh is Hindi. It is used commonly by the people and it is a part of the educational curriculum in schools as well. English is also accepted as the language for official government work. While Hindi is comprehended by almost all the people in Himachal, those who live in the hilly areas may choose Pahari languages to communicate.
The official language of Himachal Pradesh is Hindi. Main language of Himachal Pradesh is Hindi as 89% people living in Himachal Pradesh speak Hindi. But the locals prefer speaking in the Pahari dialects. The locals of Himachal are more comfortable talking in local language of Himachal Pradesh their own Pahari language which may differ from region to region. Depending on the area, the language or the dialect may change. But all the local language have emanated from Sanskrit and Prakrit. The Western Pahari dialects are often tonal in character this can make it difficult for others to learn it, but those who know Punjabi will be able to find similarities in the tonality.
Dogri is also a commonly used language in Himachal which was earlier considered to be a Punjabi dialect but it is now seen as an independent language. It is the only Pahari language that has gained such recognition. All others continue to be seen as dialects of Punjabi or Hindi.
The main language of Himachal Pradesh is Hindi. But there are many Western Pahari dialects used in the state. Sirmauri and Keonthali are two dialects which are used in the Simla Hills region. But it is stipulated that there are almost 22 dialects used within this region alone. Other dialects spoken in different regions are Chambiali and Churahi which is spoken in the region of Chamba, regions near Mandi commonly use Mandeali, the people of the Kagra, Hamirpur and Una districts use Kangri, and the people of Kulu usually use Kuluhi. These dialects are gradually being influenced by other over-powering languages like Punjabi and Hindi and they are gradually losing their originality.
|Second State Language||English|
|Regional/Local Language||Pahari, Hindi|
Himachal Pradesh language, Hindi has a rich history since it is used widely by most of the people in India. But as far as the Western Pahari dialects and languages are concerned, we do not have a lot of information regarding those languages or their history because they gradually evolved from languages like Hindi and Punjabi. Depending on the regions and the tribes, the dialects vary but none of them shed any light into the history of their origin. This is why the history of the local languages of Himachal Pradesh is very ambiguous. We can only trace them back to the languages they may have originated from.
Official language of Himachal Pradesh is Hindi which is written in the Devanagari script. Most of the Western Pahari languages also use the same script for their writings. But Dogri uses its own script which is known as Dogri script or Takri script. Recently, Dogri has also started using Devanagari script because it is commonly understood by the people.
The regional language of Himachal Pradesh is Western Pahari but Hindi has been used for most of the literary works produced by the writers of the state. Since Pahari languages were highly diverse, and Hindi is known by most of the literary luminaries of Himachal Pradesh, Hindi was chosen as the language for their works too. This is one of the reasons why we do not have a lot of literature available in the Pahari languages. All folk lore has been passed on verbally from one generation to another with no history of their origin.
Himachal Pradesh language name is Hindi. The people of Himachal use a number of different dialects depending on the region and tribe they belong to. Most of the dialects are influenced by Punjabi but some of the other dialects also trace their root to Hindi. Western Pahari languages are not as close to the other Pahari languages as it is to Punjabi.