The state language of Haryana is Haryanvi although Haryanvi is not recognized as the official language of the state because it does not have any official status. This is why, Hindi is still recognized as the official language of Haryana, even though Haryanvi is the most spoken Haryana language in the state. Haryana has a strange history of official languages. For those who do not know, there was a time when Tamil was the second official language of the state.
It is said that when Haryana was formed as a result of Punjabi Suba movement in 1969, Bansi Lal, the chief minister of Haryana at that time wanted to avoid picking Punjabi as the official language of Haryana. So for the sake of choosing a language other than Punjabi, Haryana used Tamil as its second official language for over 40 years and in 2010, the new chief minister, Bhupinder Singh Hooda, finally made Punjabi the second official language. The first was always Hindi.
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The official language spoken in Haryana is Hindi. This is because the most spoken language of the state, Haryanvi, does not have any official status at this time. It is simply considered a variant of Hindi. So statistics usually club Hindi and Haryanvi together when considering the local language of Haryana people. This makes, Hindi one of the most common languages in the state.
The official language of Haryana is Hindi. But main language of Haryana is Haryanvi as 87% people living in Haryana speak Haryanvi. The people of Haryana speak in the Haryanvi dialect which is often considered crude by some people who listen to Haryanvi speakers for the first time. Haryanvi has different dialects depending in the place where it is used. While the central regions of Haryana are known to use the language in its standard forms, other regions have developed their own dialect depending on the other languages that influence the dialect. Like regions close to Rajasthan use Rajasthani and Brij while the regions near Punjab have people talk in Punjabi or other dialects which have evolved out of Punjabi.
The main language of Haryana is Haryanvi which is also known as Bangru. It is considered as a dialect of Hindi. Research shows that Haryanvi has some of its influences from BrajBhasha as well. It has 65 percent lexical similarity with Bagri language too. The most popular form of Haryanvi is used by the people of Bhiwani, Sonipat, and Rohtak while the people of Jind are known to use the standard form of the language.
The regions that are close Rajasthan have a different dialect like Mewati in Mewat district which has glimpses of Rajasthani in it. Similarly, the Ahirs speak the Ahirwati dialect which is common in the districts of Narnaul, Mahendragarh, Gurgaon and Rewari.
|Second State Language||Punjabi|
|Regional/Local Language||Haryanvi, Punjabi, Hindi|
Haryana language does not have a lot of information regarding its history since it is considered to be a variant of Hindi. We can only speculate that it gradually branched out of Hindi based on the region and the people who spoke the language.
It is stipulated that Haryanvi may have been the language of the Aryans in 1500 BC and it could have been the basis for the formation of Sanskrit, but there is no concrete evidence of this for now. The origin of Haryanvi is difficult to trace because it is only considered to be a dialect of Hindi by the government.
Official language of Haryana is Hindi and Haryanvi is considered to be a dialect of Hindi. This is why the writing system is the same as Hindi which uses the Devanagari script. Haryanvi does not have an authentic script of its own.
The regional language of Haryana is Haryanvi which is spoken in many different dialects in the various districts of the state. Haryanvi literature is more exuberant in the oral folk lore that is passed on from one generation to another. Written literature in Haryanvi is almost insignificant. This is because of the literary luminaries of Haryanvi use standard Hindi for their works.
The rich culture of Haryana is beautifully explained in its folk songs which are known as Raginis and its folk dramas that are called Swaang. Books in Haryanvi are very rare because Hindi is preferred over Haryanvi for the literary works by most of the writers.
Haryana language name is Haryanvi and it is often considered as a loud language. This is one of the reasons why the people are often misunderstood. The culture of the state encourages vitality and vibrancy among its people which may be one of the reasons why the language is considered so rudimentary. With a number of districts using Punjabi and Rajasthani as their local languages, Haryana is one of the northernmost states in India which uses a Hindi dialect.