The state language of Gujarat is Gujarati. It is an Indo-Aryan language which is spoken by over 54 million people in India according to the 2011 census. It was the first language of luminaries like Mahatma Gandhi and Muhammad Ali Jinnah. It has evolved from Sanskrit which is credited of being the root of many other Indo-Aryan languages. The Gujarat language originated in the 12th century and was spoken by the Gurjars who ruled Gujarat, Punjab, Rajputana and Central India.
Modern day Gujarati has adopted a lot of changes from what it was in the 12th century. It has about 11 dialects and based on the communities and regions where the dialect is used. Influences of some of the foreign languages, especially English and Portuguese are seen in some of the vocabulary used in Gujarati. It has a rich literature which includes works of some of the most renowned writers of the country.
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The language spoken in Gujarat is primarily Gujarati which is comprehended by most of the people in the state and is used by the native speakers. It is recognized as one of the 22 official languages of India and is one of the 14 regional languages of the country. Most of the words in Gujarati have a Sanskritic origin which gradually modified into their current form. There are words of foreign origin as well as words that have originated locally, which form the language. The bordering states of Gujarat also have an effect on the languages spoken in the state. You will find Hindi, Marathi as well as Marwari speakers in Gujarat.
Main language of Gujarat is Gujarati as 96% people living in Gujarat speak Gujarati.The official language of Gujarat is spoken by the locals. While a majority of the population uses Gujarati, there are a few regions that have small populations that use other languages, especially the ones on the borders where the bordering states influence the language. some other local languages of Gujrat are Marathi, Hindi, Rajasthani and Kutchi spoken commonly. Kutchi is the language used by the people of the Kutch district in Gujarat.
The main language of Gujarat is often spoken in different dialects based on the region and occupation of the speakers. Gujarati dialects are usually divided into the following:
Standard Gujarati – This form of Gujarati is spoken in the Saurashtra region. Gujarati is generally used in this form in news, education and for official purposes.
Gamadia – The Gamadia dialect is commonly used by the people of Ahmedabad.
Parsi – This dialect is spoken by the Zoroastrian Parsi community. It is one of the dialects that is very distinctive from other forms of Gujarati.
Khatiawari – It is mainly spoken in the region of Khatiawar.
Other dialects that are used in the rest of the regions and the tribes of Gujarat are:
|Second State Language||—|
|Regional/Local Language||Gujrati, Marathi, Hindi, Rajasthani and Kutchi|
Gujarat language is considered to have formed around the 12 century AD. It was the language of the Gurjars. It is generally referred to as old Gujarati which is the ancestor of modern day Gujarati and Rajasthani. Between 1500 and 1800, the language gradually began to split away from Rajasthani and started developing into what it is today. After the 19th century, Gujarati had developed completely into the language that it is today.
Printing was introduced in 1812 and the first book published in the language was a Gujarati translation of Dabestan-e Mazaheb. The first original short story in Gujarati was published in 1900. It was named Shantidas and it was written by Ambalal Desai.
Official language of Gujarat is Gujarati and it uses the abugida system. Gujarati script is a variant of Devanagari although it does not use the horizontal lines which are used in the Devanagari script. There are some modifications in the rest of the characters as well. People from the Kutch district of Gujarat often use the Arabic or Persian scripts to write Gujarati.
The state of Gujarat was home to many influential people. This is one of the reasons why the Regional language of Gujarat has a rich literature. Hemchandracharya Suri was a Jain monk and scholar who is credited with penning down the grammar principles for Gujarati. He also wrote Kavyanushasana which was a handbook for poetry. Most of the early writings in Gujarati, were by the Jain authors. Between the 15th and the 19th century, the state was experiencing the Bhakti movement which meant that Gujarati literature was strongly influenced by the movement. It led to the creation of devotional poetries like Surat Sangram and Sudama Charitra. With the 19th century, Gujarati entered the age of modern era. Dalpatram and Narmad are some of the most famous writers of modern Gujarati literature.
Gujarat language name is Gujarati and it has a huge number of speakers who use different dialects to communicate. It has a great history and a lot of literature is available on the language too. While it has been influenced by some foreign languages too, Gujarati had evolved out of one of the oldest languages in the country – Sanskrit.