The state language of Goa is Konkani but the state is multilingual because of its rich history. Goa has been ruled by Hindus, Muslims and Christians. While Konkani is the main language, almost a third of the state’s population identify Marathi as their mother tongue of Goa language. Some of the older generations of Goa are even able to talk in Portuguese because of the lengthy Portuguese rule in the state. Those who were born during the era of Portuguese rule can speak the language fluently because Portuguese was the only official language in the state during the Portuguese colonial rule.
Goa also has a lot of English speakers, especially among its Christian population. Another reason for the widespread use of English is the number of tourists who visit the state. Since tourism is one of the main sources of income for many, they use English to easily communicate with the travellers. Hindi is also commonly used by a notable number of people in Goa.
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The official language spoken in Goa is Konkani. Main language of Goa is Konkani as 61% people living in Goa speak Konkani. The language went through a lot of struggle to emerge as the official language in 1992, before this period, the government recognized Konkani only as a dialect of Marathi. According to the Goa, Daman and Diu Official Language Act, 1987 Konkani is the only official language of the state but Marathi can still be used for official purposes. Almost 61% of the native population uses Konkani and almost all the people of Goa can comprehend the language. Portuguese was the sole official language of Goa during the Portuguese rule.
The official language of Goa is Konkani and it is spoken widely by the locals of the state. Other languages spoken in the state are Marathi, English, Hindi, Portuguese and Kannada, Malayalam and Gujarati. There are a lot of other settlers from different states who continue to use their own language in Goa. Some Catholic families use Portuguese but the language is gradually fading as newer generations choose Hindi and English over Portuguese.
The local language of Goa is Konkani and even though the state has a small population as compared to the other states, it still has a number of dialects. One of the ways in which the dialects have been classified is by the region. This classifies Konkani as Marathi Konkani, Goan Konkani, Mangalorean Konkani and Malvani Konkani. The dialects within Goa are Antruz, Bardeskari and Saxtti.
Goa language, Konkani was once recognized as merely a dialect of Marathi. Supporters of Marathi deemed Goa to be just a part of Maharashtra and Konkani to be a dialect of their mother tongue. But Konkani supporters stood strong regarding the originality of their language. Konkani supporters celebrated their success when in 1992, Konkani was added to the list of official languages of the Republic of India.
The first Konkani inscription is said to be dated in 1187. The Portuguese rule in Goa led to the unfortunate downfall of the language, when the Portuguese coerced the usage of their language over all other local languages. They gradually accepted Konkani in the later years when a Konkani school was started in 1932 by the Portuguese.
|Second State Language||Marathi|
|Regional/Local Language||Marathi, English, Hindi, Portuguese and Kannada, Malayalam and Gujarati|
The official language of Goa is Konkani and it is written in a number of scripts. Earlier it used the Brahmi script and the old Nagri script but the Portuguese banned the use of these scripts. Today, the language uses five different scripts which are, Devanagari, Roman, Kannada, Malayalam and Perso-Arabic. The official script for Konkani is Devanagari. A number of people in the state use the Roman script Because Konkani literature was written in Latin for a long period of time.
The regional language of Goa is used in the literature of the state by many writers. Saint Namdev and Krishna Das Sharma are renowned writers who wrote in Konkani. Varde Walanlekar is another author who furthered Goan literature through his works. Bakebab Borkar is a popular poet, novelist and writer who wrote in a number of languages inclusing Konkani, English and Portuguese.
Early Portuguese settlers had tried to remove all forms of religion that was earlier present in the state. This led to destruction of most of the literature that was available in Goa before the Portuguese rule. In the later years, the missionaries began to write. The printing press was introduced in the state in the year 1556 and the first book printed in Goa is stipulated to be ‘Doutrina Crista’ by Fr. Stephen. He wrote a number of other books which is considered to be a part of the state’s rich literature today.
Goa language name is Konkani and it is one of the most commonly used language in the state. A number of Marathi speakers can fluently speak Konkani as well. With a rich history and great culture, the people of Goa are proud of their language.