The state language of Delhi is Hindi. Besides Hindi, many other languages are spoken too. These include Punjabi, Urdu, Haryanvi and English. Delhi is a state where its culture and languages are adopted from different parts of the country because majority of its residents have migrated from different parts of India. In delhi languages Punjabi and Haryanvi are spoken widely because of it’s close proximity with these states.
Languages spoken in Delhi is of vast variety. A vast majority of population in Delhi speaks Punjabi. Sikhs and Punjabis of Delhi mostly converse in it. Punjabi belongs to the Indo-Aryan family of language. Along with Hindi, Punjabi is also the official language of Delhi, and is the seventh most spoken language in India. Along with this, few other languages are spoken too. These include Marathi, Gujarati, Tamil, Oriya and Nepali. Their own respective communities majorly converse in these languages.
Table of Contents
Being the most spoken language in the state, Hindi is the official language of Delhi. Along with Hindi, Urdu and Punjabi have also been declared as additional official languages of the state. The state of Delhi is a multi-lingual state. Urdu is very commonly used in Delhi. It is widely used in old Delhi or Purani Delhi, where the majority of population is Muslim. For official purpose, English is used more as compared to Hindi.
|Second State Language||punjabi, urdu|
|Regional/Local Language||Haryanvi, Punjabi, Hindi|
Hindi is the local language of Delhi, Main language of Delhi is Hindi as 84% people living in Delhi speak Hindi. These languages include Punjabi, Haryanvi, English and Urdu. Most of the inhabitants of the city are familiar with English. It has becomes an important mode of communication and most of the people including the shopkeepers, taxi drivers, tour guides and vendors are well versed in English. It is widely understood and is commonly used to conduct business. English is also the medium of instruction in most of the schools in Delhi.
Hindi is the main language of Delhi. Many dialects of Hindi are also spoken in Delhi. These include Haryanvi and Khariboli. Haryanvi is spoken in the state of Haryana and Delhi. An Indo-Aryan language, Haryanvi uses the Devanagari script. This language is very similar to another dialect of Hindi, Brajbhasha.
Khariboli is a very important dialect of Hindi. It belongs to the central zone of Indo-Aryan family of language. It is spoken mostly in the rural areas of Delhi.
Delhi language Hindi is said to have descended directly from Sanskrit. It is said to be a Sanskritised and standardized register of Hindustani. Hindi is considered to have been influenced by Dravidian languages, Persian, Portuguese, English, Turkish languages and Arabic. Hindi emerged in the 7th century and stabilized in the 10th century. Hindi has many dialects, few of which are Brajbhasha, Khariboli, Awadhi etc. Khariboli dialect of Hindi is one of the most spoken languages of Delhi and forms the base for standard Hindi. It was adopted as the official language of India by the constituent assembly on the 14th of September 1949. The day is still celebrated as Hindi day.
Most of the languages spoken in Delhi are written in Devanagari script, including Hindi. Devanagari script is a form of alphabets called as abugida. The script is written from left to right and includes 33 consonants and 11 vowels. The vocabulary of Hindi shows a lot of influence from Arabic, Persian and Sanskrit. Most of the languages spoken in Delhi, except for Urdu, derived their vocabulary from Sanskrit.
Hindi literature originated from the 10th century. Hindi literature is broadly divided into four categories depending on their writing style and date of production. These categories are-
Srngr or Riti
Vir-Gathas were poems dedicated to the bravery of warriors. These were written from the 11th-14th century. Bhakti was devotional poems written majorly from the 14th- 18th century. Riti or Srngr were romantic poems written in 18th-20th century. Adhunik literature was modern literature written after the 20th century. Most of these were written in the regional languages of Delhi.
Delhi language name is Hindi. Delhi is a multi lingual state, with rich heritage ad culture. The reason behind this is the fact that major part of the population of Delhi has migrated to the city from different parts of India. Their impact can clearly be seen on culture of the city. Along with Hindi, many other local and regional languages are spoken in Delhi. Many dialects of Hindi are spoken as well. This goes to show the cosmopolitan nature of the city.
This is really new.