The state language of Daman and Diu is Gujarati. Marathi is largely spoken by many natives of this earlier Portuguese Colony, whereas English and Hindi happen to be the official languages in this Union Territory. The use of Daman and Diu Portuguese is in use by about 12,000 people here and the Standard Portuguese is spoken by only some of the upper classes.
Government offices, schools and media no longer use this Daman and Diu language which is why Portuguese is losing its position quickly.
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Gujarati is the main language spoken in Daman and Diu, while English and Hindi happen to be the official language of the territory. All the paper work and official work at the administrative office’s are carried out in English. English is widely used as a mode of communication while Agri, Warli and Konkani languages are also accepted. Since the decline of Portuguese language even the schools have stopped teaching this language to the students.
The official language of Daman and Diu is English and Hindi, but Gujrati is widely spoken and accepted as a language of the people residing here. Main language of Daman and Diu is Gujrati as most of the people living in Daman and Diu speak Gujrati. The neighbouring state of Gujarat has much effect on the society and culture of the people of Daman and Diu which is why Gujrati is a common language that binds together the people of this territory.
Gujarati is the main language of Daman and Diu and English and Hindi are the other two languages that are widely spoken and understood here. The Portuguese and British rules have left a huge impact on the way of living of the people of this territory. From their customs to costumes and their occupation to language everything reflects of a little of Portuguese and British way of leading life. There are several tribes such as Siddi, Dubla, Naikda, Dhodia and Varli of which Varli is the tribe with highest tribal members. The Varli tribe speak a language known as Varli and it doesn’t have a written form. Siddi is a unique tribe which represent the Indo-Africans and speak in a dialect that seems to be a mix of Gujrati and Swahili or African words. The Dhodia like Varli speak Dhodia language that doesn’t have any script. Naikda are descendants of Rupakhatri and Dhanakhatri and Dubla both speak Gujarati with some variations in it.
|Daman and Diu|
|Primary Language||Hindi, English|
|Second State Language||Gujarati|
|Regional/Local Language||Gujarati, Agri, Warli and Konkani, Hindi|
Daman and Diu language Gujrati is an Indo-Aryan member of the Indo-Iranian family and has evolved from Sanskrit. There were three phases that Gujrati language has been through and every phase has brought about an important change in the language. The three stages were namely Old Indo-Aryan which is known as Sanskrit, Midde Indo-Aryan which comprises the Apabhramsha and Prakrit languages and the New Indo-Aryan. It is believed that by the end of 12th century Gujarati was completely developed as a language.
Earlier in the 19th century Devnagari script was used to write Gujrati while the letters and account maintaining were done in Gujarati script. This is also why Gujrati script is known as mahajani or the traders script and saraphi or the bankers script. A cursive pattern of writing is used to write Gujarati which comes from the Devnagari script but the difference is that unlike the Devnagari scripts where the letters bear a horizontal line on top Gujarati letters don’t have this line. Arabic and Persian scripts can also be used to write this language.
Gujarati, which is the official language of Daman and Diu, has several great works of literature under its wings that are surely praise-worthy. It is also the local language of Daman and Diu. Gujarati works can be traced back to 1000 AD when the rulers and the scholars had great regard for this language.
Poetry and prose formed the main part of literature and a Jain monk by the name of Hemachandracharya who was a scholar of Apabhramsha and Prakrit is considered as one of the earliest scholars of Gujrati language. Rasas, Vilasas and Phagus were composed by the Jain authors which were the earliest writings of this language.
This regional language of Daman and Diu has many modern writers and poets who have produced some extraordinary creations in this language. Premanand Bhatt is thought to be one of the most important Gujarati poets and some of his commendable works include Nalakhyana,Dasham Skandha, Okha Harana, Sudama Charitra and Abhimanyu Akhyana. Ashok Chavda, Ankit Trivedi, Sanju Vala, Neerav Patel, Bundu Bhatt are some of the more recent writers of Gujrati language.
Daman and Diu language name is Gujarati and even after the Portuguese have left there remains a distinct mark of their life which can be seen and felt in the lifestyle and language of the people of Daman and Diu. Portuguese which was once an important language here seems to be dwindling away and it is hard to find someone who can speak standard Portuguese anymore.