The state language of Chhattisgarh is Hindi but the state often uses Chhattisgarhi as the most popular language to communicate. This central Indian state was earlier a part of Madhya Pradesh. Most of the urban areas of the state have accepted Hindi as their language and they mainly speak in Hindi, but people who dwell in the tribal regions and hilly areas of Chhattisgarh usually talk in varied dialects of Chhattisgarhi.
Chhattisgarhi is known to have almost 93 different dialects. The language gets the name of Khaltahi among the hill tribes and Laria among speakers in the neighbouring city of Odisha. With the formation of Chhattisgarh, the language garnered more popularity, and films made in the language began attracting actors from all over the country.
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The language spoken in Chhattisgarh is Chhattisgarhi and Hindi. Main language of Chhattisgarh is Chhattisgarhi and Hindi as most of people living in Chhattisgarh speak Chhattisgarhi and Hindi. While Hindi is the official language of the state, Chhattisgarhi continues to be used by many people in Chhattisgarh. Chhattisgarhi was considered to be a dialect of Hindi for a very long time. The language still does not have constitutional recognition. This is the reason why Hindi is chosen as the official Chhattisgarh language.
While the official language of Chhattisgarh is Hindi, the people of the state usually use local language of Chhattisgarh Chhattisgarhi to communicate with each other. It is often considered as an Eastern Hindi language which borrows parts of its vocabulary and linguistic features from Munda and Dravidian languages. Since the region was known as Dakshin Kosal in the ancient era, Chhattisgarhi is also known as Dakshin Kosali.
Main language of Chhattisgarh is Chhattisgarhi. It has a number of dialects which vary according to the regions in which the language is spoken, the tribes who speak the language and the primary trades of the villages in which the language is spoken. These dialects are influenced by three major language families which are the Indo-European language family, Dravidian language family and the Munda language family. Almost 70 dialects belong to the Indo-European family. Some of the most popular dialects are Baighani, Bhulia, Kalanga, Surgujia, Kavardi, Binjhwari, and Khairagarhi.
The dialects of Binjwari, Kharwari and Kamari are slowly fading away because of the migration of these tribal groups due to socio-economic reasons. The tribes are adopting the local dialects in order to adapt to the new areas that they move to.
|Second State Language||—|
|Regional/Local Language||Hindi, Chhattisgarhi|
Chhattisgarh language has evolved from the Kosali group of languages. It bears similarities to Bagheli and Awadhi which are a part of the Kosali language family. It is recognized as an eastern dialect of Hindi by the government, but Chhattisgarhi is considered to be a separate language in the Ethnologue. It does not have a history which we can refer to. Since the language has formed through gradual evolution of other languages in the area, there isn’t much written about the language and it does not have a lot of scriptures of its own.
The first institute which was established for the cause of Chhattisgarhi in the year 1955 was named Chhattisgarhi Research Center. The institute began to popularize the language through the magazine which was named after the language.
Official language of Chhattisgarh is Hindi and the writing system uses Devanagari script for Chhattisgarhi just like Hindi. It does not have a script of its own. This means all scriptures and writings in Chhattisgarhi use the Devanagari script for writing.
Regional language of Chhattisgarh is Chhattisgarhi and most of the literature exists in this language. Chhattisgarh has been home to a number of literary geniuses who augmented the popularity of the language among the people through their works. Some of the most famous writers are Bhaskar Bhatt, Narayan Alhan, Vatsaraj and Damodar Mishra. The folk literature of the state also adds to the literary works of the writers. Writers like Shyamlal Chaturvedi and Dr. Deviprasad Verma helped in increasing the importance of folk lore and folk literature since it originates from the common people of the state.
Poets who gained popularity were Gopal Makhan, Babu Revaram and Laxman. The Grammar of Chhattisgarhi was first published in the year 1890 by Shri Hiralal Kavyopadhyaya. With time, the prominence of Hindi has increased in the state and the speakers of Hindi are gradually increasing.
Chhattisgarh language name is Chhattisgarhi. Even though Hindi is the official language of the state, Chhattisgarhi is closer to the indigenous people of the state. While the language does not go back too far in history to make it ancient, it does have a lot of literature available to make it a culturally rich language. The government is yet to recognize Chhattisgarhi as a separate language, but the people of the state feel otherwise. They already consider it a language of their own which they use to communicate with each other. With different regions using different dialects, Chhattisgarhi is varied when it comes to dialects, but the state uses this as the primary language in all regions.