The state language of Arunachal Pradesh is English but the state is home to a number of aboriginal tribes who speak their own distinctive languages and dialects. This is one of the reasons why Arunachal Pradesh is a state with a huge diversity of languages. There are approximately 30 different languages spoken in the state, and it is stipulated that the number can be as high as 50 of Arunachal Pradesh language.
The most common languages in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh are Nyishi, Adi, Mishri, Gallong, Monpa, Bengali, Nepali and Hindi. Most of the indigenous languages of Assam find their roots in the Tibeto-Burman groups of language family, especially the Abo-Tani language of this group. Some of the languages are on the verge of extinction.
The languages spoken in Arunachal Pradesh are usually divided by the region. Within these languages there are a number of dialects and sub-dialects too which make the state extremely versatile when it comes to its languages.
Table of Contents
The language spoken in Arunachal Pradesh varies from tribe to tribe. There are 26 tribes and 256 sub-tribes in the state and each of them have their own language or dialect. The diversity in the languages may be one of the reasons why the state has picked English as its official language of Arunachal Pradesh. English and Hindi are spoken commonly by the people of Arunachal Pradesh as it gives them common grounds to communicate with people who belong to other tribes. Unfortunately, the growing use of English and Hindi is becoming a threat to the languages used by the tribes.
Official language of Arunachal Pradesh is English but the local languages in the state abound. Main and local language of Arunachal Pradesh is Nyishi as 18.94% people living in Arunachal Pradesh speak Nyishi. Central Arunachal Pradesh has a large number of Apatani speakers. This language is spoken by about 24,000 people who live in and around the Subansiri district. It belongs to the Tani phylum, just like Nishi, which is another commonly spoken language.
Other languages of the Tani phylum are Galo, Bokar, Adi, Padam, Pasi and Minyog. The Singhpo language is common among the dwellers of the southern regions of the state. Nocte and Wancho languages are also used by the people towards the south of the state. The west and north regions of the state use around four different Bodic languages which include Dakpa and Tshingla. There are a lot of other unclassified languages in the state like Sherdukpen, Koro, Hruso, Miji and Bugun.
There are a number of dialects and subdialects used by the tribes depending on the region they belong to. Every language has its own set of dialects based on the region and the tribes that speak the language. The main language of Arunachal Pradesh is English and Hindi is gradually becoming popular in the state too. But the local languages reflect different dialects that help people identify which tribe or indigenous group they belong to.
|Second Arunachal Pradesh Language||None|
|Regional/Local Language||Galo, Bokar, Adi, Padam, Pasi and Minyog|
Arunachal Pradesh language have a rich history because of their diversity. Most of the languages used by the tribes belong to the Tibeto-Burman language family. The languages are closely related to Tibetan and Burmese, which is why they are known to have sprouted from the Tibeto-Burman language group. Their vocabulary does not differ a lot and most of the tribes who speak the languages are limited to inaccessible regions. This is one of the reasons why the state uses English as its official language.
The official language of Arunachal Pradesh is English which is used by most of the literary geniuses in the state. Other languages are widely influenced by Burmese and Tibetan scripts which is why they follow the writing system used by these languages. Many indigenous tribes rely on verbal communication only. This means that there is no script available for some of the languages spoken by tribes in Arunachal Pradesh. Khamti is considered to be the only language of the tribes which has a script of its own.
The regional language of Arunachal Pradesh is varied. It is a state that has a number of diverse languages – some of which may not even have any literature available for them. Most of the literary works in the state are available in English and Tibetan or Burmese which are influenced by Buddhistic literature.
Arunachal Pradesh language name is English when we talk about its official language. Hindi is also gaining momentum in the state while the languages of the tribes are gradually declining as the younger generation choose to use English and Hindi as their medium of conversation. Because of this ignorance, a number of tribal languages in Arunachal Pradesh are gradually fading into extinction. A lot of Buddhists in the state teach Pali and Khamti scripts so that the children can continue to keep these languages alive.