The state language of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is Bengali with about 26% of the total population speaking in Bengali. Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a Union Territory of India and this beautiful island has many other languages that are spoken here. Bengali happens to be a non-indigenous language which is spoken in this union territory and its legacy was kept by the freedom fighters who were kept in this island.
There were several political prisoners of the notorious Cellular jail who settled down in this lovely island further contributing to the creation of non-indigenous people of these islands. With the increased number of settlers here who are mostly Bengali speakers, this language has come out to be the most important languages from the all , Andaman and Nicobar islands Languages.
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Bengali is the language spoken in Andaman and Nicobar islands and besides English and Hindi are also the official languages and are spoken by the local people here. The administration and official work is all done in Hindi and English. Car which is a Nicobarese language is also used for official purposes in Nicobar Islands. Main language of Andaman and Nicobar islands is Bengali as 26% people living in Andaman and Nicobar islands speak Bengali.
The official language of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is Bengali, but there are several other languages spoken here. Besides English and Hindi which are the official language here, other languages such as Telugu, Malayalam, Nicobarese, Munda, Kurukh or Oraon, Onge, Jarawa, Sentinelese, Andaman Creole Hindi and Kharia are spoken by the natives or the tribal people of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. There is also a thriving Sikh community on these islands who speak Punjabi. After Bengali, Hindi language is the most spoken language and usually used in remote places for communication.
Bengali is the main language of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and there are many types of dialects that are found here. The local tribes of the islands especially the Nicobar Islands are known to use the Nicobarese language which has six types of dialects. It has been originated from the Austro-Asiatic language family and forms six Mon-Khmer dialects. There are around 19 different islands in Nicobar and every island has a different tribe that speaks a different form of Nicobarese language. Some of the dialects are Bompoka, Chaura, Central Nicobarese, Car, Teressa and ShomPeng. Car is the dialect which is mostly used by the natives here.
|Andaman and Nicobar islands|
|Second State Language||—|
|Regional/Local Language||Telugu, Malayalam, Nicobarese, Munda, Kurukh or Oraon, Onge, Jarawa, Sentinelese, Andaman Creole Hindi and Kharia|
The history of Andaman and Nicobar Islands language can be dated back to the time much before India got its Independence. Besides the tribes who were the original inhabitants of this place there were many freedom fighters who were deported to this place as a punishment. Several of these prisoners chose to settle down on these islands once they were released. Bengali language did not cease to exist even after the freedom of India. Andaman and Nicobar Islands is no doubt a good place for business. Andaman and Nicobar Islands had a harbour in Kolkata which attracted thousands of Bengali businessmen. With it there were several immigrants from Bangladesh who settled here further enlarging the community of Bengali’s.
The Bengali script is an abugida and is a type of Eastern Nagari script. This famous language of Andaman and Nicobar language is written from the left to right.
There is not much information available about the Nicobarese language spoken but Car is written in Roman script and some of the other languages like ShomPeng, Chaura, Teressa, Southern Nicobarese etc. are written in Roman and Devnagri scripts.
The image on left is showing a newspaper ad (December 8, 2014) requesting application for various posts at Andaman and Nicobar Command, Port Blair n two main languages.
The official, also the local language of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bengali has many literary works to its credit. It is a very old language that has travelled through time. There were some excellent literary geniuses of Bengali literature who composed some wonderful works. One of the early works to be found is the ShrikrishnaKirtana which was found in 1990 by Basanta Ranjan Roy Biddyadwallav which was slightly torn. This work was composed by Boru Chandidas and was published in 1916 under the composition of Basontoh Ranjan Roy. An example of the ancient work is Charyapada which speaks of the love of Radha and Krishna and carries 13 parts.
The regional language of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and its culture and still been preserved by its present residents who have not changed their style of speaking. Some of the other literary geniuses of Bengali literature are Balaram Dasa, Jnandasa, Srikar Nandi, Annada Mangal, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Rabindranath Tagore, Rajnarayan Basu, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee etc.
Andaman and Nicobar Island language name is Bengali which is widely in use by the community of Bengalis and many other locals who reside here. The speciality of the Bengali language here is that the localities continue to speak the form they were handed down by their descendants. They have also upheld the culture making the language rich in culture and heritage.