Early settlers of India lived in the fertile valleys of Indus. The name India is derived from the name of this river. When the Aryan people came in this area, they pronounced the word Indus as Sindhu. Later when India was invaded by the Persians, they tended to call this area as Hindu. Eventually, most of the area that lies in the border of India today came to be known as Hindustan – a word meaning the land of Hindus.
Civilizations of Indian subcontinent dates back to as far as about 8000 BC. Thus the soil of India has been one of the few places of the Earth where early human civilizations grew. In modern times, India has become the largest country of the world where people are under a proper democratic system. If ranked by size, India stands at the 7th position compared to all the other countries.
Indian civilization is not only one of the most ancient ones of the world but also it is one of those prime cultures which withstood the test of time. While the ancestors of many modern nations of the world were just nomads living in the forests, the Indus (or Sindhu) Valley’s Harappan people flourished in culture.
The world’s first university was established in Takshila of ancient India in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied there in more than 60 subjects. In the 4th century another great educational center – the University of Nalanda was established.
Long before the birth of modern astronomy, Bhaskaracharya, the Indian mathematician and astronomer calculated that the earth takes about 365.258756484 days to complete a circle around the Sun. It was an example of astounding mathematical maturity of Indians at that time.
Yoga is a very popular form of meditation in the modern world. But it actually originated in India nearly 5000 year ago.
Though India’s economy largely depends on agro products, it manufactures all types of goods including iron and steel based industrial products.
Indian government established a benchmark for other democratic nations by setting up a polling station for casting vote amid the forest of Gir, where there was only one voter.
Varanasi (or Benares) is the most ancient city of the world where people have been living for thousands of years. Gautama Buddha came to this city in 500 BC. Historical evidences show that even at that time the city was known as “the ancient city”.
At the beginning of 17th century India was one of the richest regions of the world. However, it declined as the British rule began.
Indian Railway is so vast that more than one million people works in here as employees, making it an unreachable number one company of the world based on employment. The State Bank of India has the highest number of branches compared to any other bank of the world.
The Indian postal service has the highest number of operational post offices in the world. The total population of all the countries in western hemisphere is less than the population of India.
India arranges the largest human gathering of the world. It is known as Kumbh Mela. The average number of attendees is about a hundred million.
India’s Bollywood is the largest film industry, producing more than a thousand movies each year. The TV news media of India consists of nearly 800 channels (as of 2014) which is the highest in the world.
Indian software industry is the countries global stronghold. It has outperformed its competitors by pushing its market value form $150 million USD in 1991 to more than $5.7 billion USD in just 10 years. This unprecedented growth has made India one of the top software exporters in global market. Currently the country exports software to more than 90 countries.
India produces about 650 mega watt of electrical power using biomass gas. The country is the leading user of this environment friendly electricity production system. Potentially 30,000 MW of electric power can be produced by the biomass available in India each year.
India is the original birthplace of martial arts. Later the spread of Buddhism has caused other Asian countries to learn about it.