There are total 5 neighbouring states of West Bengal apart from 3 neighbouring countries of India. West Bengal is bordered by Indian States of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha & Sikkim and international boundaries of Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh and waters of Bay of Bengal. 3 countries and 5 Indian states touching the border of West Bengal.
West Bengal is located in eastern part of India and ranks fourth by population with 91,347,736 inhabitants. The state covers an area of 88,752 square kilometers. Kolkata is the capital of West Bengal. Together with Bangladesh, India’s neighbouring country, the West Bengal makes up the ethno-linguistic region of Bengal.
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List of States Touching West Bengal Border
Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and Sikkim are neighbouring states of West Bengal.
Map of West Bengal and Neighbouring States
West Bengal is bounded to the East by Indian state of Assam and the West by Indian states of Jharkhand and Bihar. Sikkim and Odisha states are surrounding West Bengla from North and South-West. Rangpur, Rajshahi and Khulna of Bangladesh are the West Bengal bordering states in the East. Bhutan borders West Bengal from the East and Nepal from the West. Bay of Bengal lies in the South of Indian state of West Bengal.
Facts about West Bengal Border
This border is used as a route for smuggling livestock, food items, medicines and drugs from India to Bangladesh. Also, illegal immigrants crosses the border to make their way into India. Some of them are attracted to Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Delhi and Mumbai and even Pakistan and the Middle East, while others have chosen to stay in West Bengal.
Fencing the Border
India had started erection of a fence all along the 4,096-km India Bangladesh border several years back to check trans-border movement of militants in West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura. Floodlights are also being installed alongwith fencing to prevent infiltration and cross-border crimes.
Out of 4,096-km border that India shares with Bangladesh, West Bengla alone covers 2,216 km. But it is along the 1,145-km border in the southern part of the State that most of the immigration (documented and illegal) from Bangladesh takes place. The fencing that was started a few years ago barely covers 530 km of this crucial border.
West Bengal shares its border with as many as 5 states. 3 countries, Bay of Bengal and 5 Indian states are touching the boundary of West Bengal. Latest News: Terror groups target West Bengal border and NDTV: West Bengal Border