Here we have general information about our country India and every Indian should read this information about India. Our country India, officially the Republic of India, is located in South Asia or southern region of Asian continent. India is a heritage of the vast region of South Asia. It is one of the oldest civilizations in the world. It is known for its enriched and diversified cultures in the world. India is also one of the most varied countries for its flora and fauna. The country covers a geographical area of 3,287,263 Sq Km which makes it the 7th largest country in the world. It is the 2nd most populous country and the most populous democracy in the world.
Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system of Government. The President of India is the Head of the State, while the Prime Minister is the Head of the Government, and runs office with the support of the Council of Ministers who form the Cabinet Ministry.
The Indian Legislature comprises of the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) forming both the Houses of the Parliament.
India is a democratic country with an effective constitution that contains legislative acts and amendments. These are directive principles that justify the sovereign and social form of legislation in the country. The parliament consists of the President, Council of States and the House of the People. The tenure for the President and Vice President both is for five-years. There are a number of political parties with the most prominent being the Indian National Congress and the Bharathiya Janata Party.
The country’s ancient past is home to the glorious Indus Valley Civilization with historic trade routes and vast empires spread across the Indian sub-continent. It is said that the Indian root traces back to the civilization which is known for its contribution to have shaped the region’s diverse culture. The British East India Company then ruled the nation from the early 18th century until India got its independence in 1947 after a non-violent struggle movement.
The country is bounded by three water bodies – Indian Ocean on the South, Bay of Bengal in the South East, and the Arabian Sea on the South West. India is the second largest in the region that shares its boundaries with Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Bhutan. Lakshadweep in the Arabian Sea and Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal surround the southern peninsula of the country. The highest Himalayan range in the North has mountains associated along the geographic belt. With the enchanting snow covered Himalayas in the North to the South tropical rain forest, the country has a distinct geographical identity. Marked by latitudes 8° 4′ and 37° 6′ north; longitudes 68° 7′ and 97° 25′ east there are extreme stretches between east to west and north to south lines.
The sub-tropical weather of the country is varied with moist temperature of the north and the semi-arid dry conditions of the west.
The wide variation of weather is noticeable with the Great Indian Thar Desert of Rajasthan receiving the lowest amount of rainfall every year while the Khasi Hills in Cherrapunji, Assam records the highest rainfall yearly. Heavy snowfall is normal to the Kashmir Valley in the northern mountains with months of November to February being the highest recorded. Similar condition of frost is seen in the Northern half during this time of the year. While relatively high humidity prevails from April through September.
One fourth of the Indian sub-continent comprises of the forest area with over 15,000 varieties of luxurious growth found in the region. There are over 300 mammal species along with diverse fishes and reptiles dwelling in the Himalayan foothills and the hilly Assamese plateau. However, the most pressing environment problem in India today is deforestation, air pollution, shortages of water and land damages. Air pollution from industries has been affecting the glorious monument The Taj Mahal in Agra which is a world heritage site listed under the UNESCO and is one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
The nation recorded a diverse range of dialects with Hindi being the national language. It is found that most important speech dialects have been derived from Sanskrit. English is recognized and widely used for official purposes. There are regional languages that recognize states with linguistic boundaries. Due to such diversified sections there have been a number of states formed due to language distinctions. Some languages are written in two different scripts which basically show the differences in geographic area.
Also, the land of India is home to two of the world’s largest religions – Hinduism and Buddhism. The principal texts of Hinduism – Bhagavad Gita, Upanishads and Rig Veda dates back to 1200 B.C. The majority of population in India is Hindus. Sikhs are around 2% of the population while other groups include Muslims, Christians, Jain, Parsis, and Jews. The caste system is sub-divided into four groups – Brahmas, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Sudras.
India is a land with a steady economic growth that can be seen in the rising statistics since the last decade. There is a rich source of forest, mineral and power resources with ample coal and iron ore reserves. The Indian economy development is planned since the country became independent and the formation of the republic came into force. There is both a mix of private and public sector industries. In fact, the government has placed more emphasis on swift stabilization and bills effective to indicate a booming nation.
The contribution of India to the popular exercise regime “Yoga” is one of the most amazing things that the country is known for. In fact, Rishikesh in India is called the Yoga capital of the world. The majestic Himalaya in the background and thundering Ganges flowing down the high hills is certainly a spectacle to watch. Amidst nature’s splendor and exquisiteness stands the ancient country of India. There is so much contained in the History and landscape of the country that it leaves one feeling amazed.